Collaboration Snowball Metrics Agreement v1



This standard information agreement specifies the information elements needed to calculate and communicate the volume and proportion of nationally and internationally co-authored scholarly outputs.

Collaboration calculates the number and percentage of outputs that have national or international co-authorship:

  • An output has national co-authorship if it has an affiliation that does not belong to the parent institution but is within the parent institution’s country.
  • An output has international co-authorship if it has an affiliation that does not belong to the parent institution and is outside the parent institution’s country.
  • An output is classified as either national or international. An output that has both national and international co-authorships will be classified as international, to avoid double counting.
  • Countries are defined as in the ISO classification.

Input Reference

The original input reference to this standard information agreement is the Snowball Metrics Recipe Book, page 85.

Question Set

See input reference.

Answer Set

The following specifies the expected contents of a data report compliant with this standard information agreement.

Records Structure

The following table outlines the agreed information elements need to produce a standard report on Collaboration at the institution. For each record of a collaboration the following elements are included.

Information Element Definition Format Requirement
Output/Type List (Output Types) Must
Output/Date The date when a specific output was published. Date Must
Co-Author An additional author on a scholarly output.
Co-Author/Org ID Type The nominal ID type of the co-author's organisation. List (Org ID Types) Should
Co-Author/Org ID The unique identifier of the co-author. Should
Co-Author/Org Name The full name of the co-author's organisation. Must
Co-Author/Country The country of the co-author. Must
Institution An organization with a primary role of performing research.
Institution/ID Type The nominal type of unique ID used for a research-performing organization. List (Org ID Types) Should
Institution/Other ID Type A keyword for a type of organization identifier not covered in a standard classification. Text Should
Institution/ID The unique identifier of a research-performing organization. Text Should
Institution/Name The full name of a research-performing organization. Text Must
Institution/Country The country of a research-performing organization. List (Countries) Must
Institution/FTE Count Number of Full Time Equivalents at the Institution in the referenced financial year. Number Must

Lists/Vocabularies Used

The following agreed vocabularies (or Lists) are used in the above information elements.

List/Vocabulary Values Defintion
Org ID Types
Output Types

Formal Schema

A formal CASRAI XSD schema for this standard information agreement is available here.